Treatment Options for Colon and Rectal Cancer, Diverticulitis, and Hemorrhoids

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The specialty of Colon and Rectal Surgery, formerly known as Proctology, is dedicated to the care and treatment of diseases or ailments of the colon (large intestine), rectum, or anus. Surgeons in this field complete a five-year General Surgery residency, followed by an additional one to two years in specialty training.

Colon Rectal Surgical Associates’ doctors are trained in conditions and treatments including:

Colon and rectal cancer. While the exact course of treatment for colon or rectal cancer depends on the extent of the cancer itself, most treatments involve surgery to remove it. In some cases, chemotherapy and/or radiation treatment is advised. Many of our colorectal cancer patients are referred to the practice by their internists or general physicians. Others come to CRSA seeking a second medical opinion on their condition.

Diverticulitis. This condition involves inflammation or infection of the pouches that sometimes form in the lining of the colon. Characterized by abdominal pain, nausea, and changes in bowel habits, diverticulitis treatment options can involve anything ranging from antibiotics and a change in diet to surgical intervention.

Hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen and inflamed blood vessels in the rectum or anus, and are usually the result of increased pressure within the lower abdomen. They are a common ailment, and are characterized by rectal pain and bleeding. Treatment options depend upon the severity of the condition, but can include surgery, rubber band ligation, infrared coagulation, and PPH.

Colonoscopy. A colonoscopy is performed to screen for polyps and cancers of the colon and rectum in patients who do not display any symptoms. It is also performed as a means of diagnosing an abnormal growth.

Bowel control issues. There are many possible causes of bowel incontinence, including diarrhea or constipation, muscle or nerve damage, childbirth, and hemorrhoids. Treatment can range from simple changes in diet to more complex surgical procedures.

Fissures and fistulas. Anal fissures are tears in the anal canal. A fistula is often the result of an abscess; it is a tunnel or channel that forms between the end of the bowl and the skin near the anus. Treatment for fissures may involve diet changes, topical medications, and surgery; fistulas often require surgical intervention.

A comprehensive listing of our services is below. Please contact us for more information or to schedule an appointment at either our Ellicott City or Glen Burnie, Maryland offices.